134,744Ha of which 119,985Ha is used for grazing. The balance is unusable range country.
602mm average per annum
The property comprises an aggregation of two (2) term lease pastoral leases and a small area of freehold. Castlevale Pastoral Holding is situated to the west fronting the escarpments of the Great Dividing Range and Mantuan Downs Pastoral Holding is situated towards the east, plus three (3) freehold parcels known as “Semper Idem” situated towards the south east on the bottom end of the Mantuan Downs lease.
The property has a layout as follows:
- 82 paddocks including holding yards
- 6 main cattle yards
- 32.8 kms dedicated laneways
- 6 Holding Yards (cattle management squares) in laneways
Vegetation & Soils
The Mantuan Downs aggregation is made up of the following vegetation across the property:
|Blade ploughed scrub||13,908|
|Pulled & stick raked scrub||808|
|Softer forest hollows||29,153|
|Lighter forest & ranges||9,340|
Castlevale comprises a belt of brigalow/wilga/bottle tree scrub with patches of brigalow/blackbutt scrub on the fringes. This belt of country runs back into a broad valley between the junction of the Great Dividing Range and the Drummond Range which drains into the Claude River. The south-western corner of the lease runs back into very rugged range country which is broken by steep valleys and gorges, most of this area is unavailable for grazing. The northern half of the western boundary runs atop the escarpment of the Great Dividing range where it drops down into the scrub valley. There is an area of broken hills along the northern boundary which forms part of the Drummond Range consisting of lighter forest and patches of Cyprus Pine rising to lancewood tops. Castlevale is surrounded on the west by escarpments which is the eastern side of the Great Dividing Range.
The Claude River starts on Castlevale and flows east through Mantuan Downs and joins the Nogoa River just over the Mantuan Downs eastern boundary.
Mantuan Downs comprises predominately of open undulating blacksoil downs with silverleaf ironbark ridges which are dissected by the Claude River. The area on the northern side of the river runs back to an area of box/narrowleaf/ironbark/cyprus pine forest country inside the north-eastern boundary, and dense brigalow/wilga/bottle tree scrub on the western side. The country fronting the Claude River consists of broad loamy box flats areas of coolibah on the heavier soils. The area on the southern side of the river runs into open downs with patches of broken brigalow scrub.
Semper Idem (the freehold country) comprises broad river flats in the northern area, and then mostly open downs on eastern side and merging into brigalow scrub country on the western side.
Certified PMAV’s (Property Map of Assessable Vegetation) registered on title for cleared country.
Livestock Carrying Capacity
The Year-In-Year-Out (YIYO) carrying capacity is 18,000 Adult Equivalent (AE) cattle in normal seasons.
There is a range of water infrastructure across the property. A summary is outlined below:
|Tanks – 5/10k||22|
|Tanks – 20/50k||11|
|Inc Tanks – Satellite Monitored||5|
|Pumps – Solar||4|
|Pumps – Elect/Diesel GS||19|
|Pumps – Mills/Pump Jacks||2|
|Poly lines||105.6 km|
|Permanent water holes||10|
There is significant water infrastructure across the property with the water development close to fully developed. Storage tanks, bores, dams and troughs are in very good order.
In the last 20 years the company has spent approximately $1.3m on water improvements.
Approximately 90% of the useable country is within 3 kilometres of any single watering point.
There are also some supplies of natural water available. There are holes on the Claude River towards the far eastern boundary of Castlevale, and a permanent spring in Middle Paddock which flows out from the ranges. There are beneficial seasonal waterholes in East & West of Number 2 paddocks, Cattle Creek Lane and Wilga paddock which are also on the Claude River, as well as a semi-permanent rockhole in North Expedition paddock, and semi-permanent hole in Brigalow waterhole in South Lawtons on Jaunita Creek, as well as a good semi-permanent waterhole in Skeleton Holding Paddock. Plus another seasonal hole in Bottle Tree paddock. Most of these supplies generally last about 6 to 9 months depending on the seasonal conditions.
On Mantuan Downs there is a good permanent waterhole on the Claude River watering Cow, Stallion and Clarks Lagoon paddocks. There is also permanent water in Clarkes Lagoon, plus a semi-permanent swamp fed from the Nogoa River (currently dry) in Bay of Biscay paddock. Plus another semi-permanent hole on Police Creek in 1 Mile paddock.
On Semper Idem there is a good permanent waterhole on the Claude River in River Paddock (Netting Waterhole), plus another semi-permanent billabong on Sheep Station Creek near Semper Idem homestead.
The fencing used across Mantuan Downs consists of Steel end assemblies, steel posts 9 metres apart and 4 barbs with droppers between posts.
Most of the boundary is fenced apart from the south-western boundary of Castlevale which fronts the Great Dividing Range, where the natural escarpments and cliffs form a natural barrier. There are a number of block fences where there are gorges running back into the ranges.
Castlevale is split into 24 main paddocks, plus 9 holding paddocks. Ranging in size from 1900 Ha to 16,000 Ha with an average paddock size of 6,000 Ha. The developed pulled country (“the Pull”) has been blade ploughed and is subdivided into 9 main grazing paddocks, plus 1 holding paddock. Ranging in size from 572 Ha to 1100 Ha with an average paddock size of 600 Ha.
The paddocks are supported by laneways, including a 12 kilometre laneway from Top Tank to Bull Creek yards, which includes a branch lane back to No. 3 Yards. There is another 7.5 kilometre laneway from the Castlevale House through to the western edge of the pulled country. There is a further 16 kilometre laneway from the eastern edge of the pulled country to the Castlevale/Semper Idem boundary.
Mantuan Downs is fenced into 17 main paddocks, plus 4 holding paddocks and has been used for the commercial breeding herd. Semper Idem is fenced into 11 main paddocks, plus 2 holding paddocks and generally set up and used for the stud enterprise.
Buildings & structures
There are 28 buildings and structures across Mantuan Downs including dwellings, storage and structures for management of the livestock operations on the property.
The cattle herd currently running on Mantuan Downs are a quality Santa Gertrudis breeding herd, that have some Droughtmaster and Red Brahman infusion.
Mantuan Downs is a breeding, backgrounding and fattening property. Weaners are bred on Mantuan Downs and placed on Castlevale and left to grow out for 2 years. They are then mustered off Castlevale and placed on the Pull country (blade ploughed country on Castlevale) where they are then sold into the feeder or export slaughter market.
Mantuan Downs also operates a bull breeding herd to supply replacement bulls and for internal use on other Clark & Tait properties.
As at 30 June 2019, Mantuan Downs was carrying 11,241 head of commercial cattle, 823 head of stud cattle and 79 horses (approximately) which are included in the sale.
Plant & equipment
The plant and equipment on Mantuan Downs is sufficient and suitable for a commercial breeding property of this size. All plant is included in the sale.
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